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Roof Storm Damage

What Causes Roof Damage?

February , 2024 | 8 min. read

By Joe Martinez

storm damaged roofs of apartments
Roofs are the one part of our homes that seemingly go unnoticed every day. It’s not anyone’s fault, though. I mean, unless you’re over ten feet tall, it’s doubtful you get an in-depth look at your roof more than once a year. Roof damage so easily occurs due to this exact reason. If you’re not seeing it every day, why would you care?

 Your roof is arguably one of the strongest parts of your home, helping shield you and your family from harms' way. Unfortunately, that doesn't mean it's immune to wear and tear. The threats posed to your roof are often weather-related, but there are plenty of other reasons to stay vigilant when it comes to damage!

The folks here at RoofCrafters can tell you a million different reasons why you should care about the livelihood of your roof. But before we can get into that, we have to talk about what threats your roof is faced with. For over 29 years, we’ve seen the havoc that silent roof damages can cause to homes! And aside from that, we also learned a valuable lesson- roof damage is often avoidable. 

If you’re reading this article, you’ve probably realized you have some roof damage and you’re wondering what caused it. Fear not; you’re in the right place! In this article, you’ll learn what causes roof damage, and how you can avoid it in the future. Let’s jump right in!

What Causes Roof Damage?


Understanding that one (or several) factors can cause roof damage is essential to finding the root of your problem. At times, even a well-maintained roof can leak under extreme weather conditions.

Although the extent of the damage is different in each case, nature’s fury can take out almost anything depending on the storm’s intensity. Although Mother Nature can be harsh, sometimes there are things we do as homeowners that contribute to our roofing problems, such as a lack of maintenance.

Lack of Maintenance


Roofs require frequent maintenance, and you should always hire a professional roofing contractor to conduct bi-annual inspections. If you see signs of roof damage, it’s important that you call a contractor immediately to inspect the damage. Delaying repairs can lead to much higher repair costs and cause even more damage to your roof. From there, you risk the integrity of your home.

missing shingles

Signs that are indicative of roof damage are:

  • Loose or Missing Shingles
  • Impact Damage from Falling Objects
  • Roof Leaks
  • Discoloration on the Ceiling
  • Peeling Paint or Bubbles in the Paint
  • Pest Infestations

DIY Projects or Inexpensive Contractors


Have you ever seen a contractor work on something and decided that you can do a better job yourself and save money while doing it? We’ve all been there, however, we don’t recommend taking that route. Roofing is a highly specialized field that requires training and experience to master and stay safe while performing the work. Set that pride aside, and leave it to the professionals!

While hiring a cheap contractor or doing a DIY repair or roof installation by yourself might seem like a great idea to save some money, the expensive repair costs you may incur to fix the poorly installed roof or repair will significantly tip the balance the other way.

Plus, insurance doesn’t cover improper installation, nor fix a broken dad from falling off a ladder. 

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Improper Installation


Choosing the wrong roofing contractor can potentially set you up for bigger problems in the future. For example, suppose your contractor doesn’t install your roof correctly. In that case, rainwater can seep in during horizontal rain or heavy storms and cause intermittent leaks that often won’t show up until serious storm damage has already happened. Talk about a bad day. 

Roof Impacts


Any impact can damage your home. If a tree branch falls on the roof, you should call a contractor to inspect it because not all damage is visible on the surface level. Besides regular falling objects, impact during hail storms can tremendously damage your roof. 

During and after a hailstorm, monitor that no water is seeping in due to the damage caused. Signs that your roof has hail damage include:

  • Divots in the Shingles
  • Indentations in the Metal Flashing
  • Broken Granules in the Gutters

Signs of Hail Damage

Roof Leaks


As homeowners, we already have several responsibilities. Although looking after your roof is one of the less “fun” duties, it’s essesntial. A common cause of roof damage during storms is leaking. Whether your roof is leaking dramatically enough to warrant you collecting the water in a bucket, or a slow leak that seeps through your ceiling, any sort of leak is detrimental to your home’s integrity.

Leaks result from the following:

  • Broken Chimney Cover or Flashing
  • Missing or Loose Shingles
  • Pooled Water
  • Impact Damage
  • Ineffective Gutters
  • Broken Vents

You should always keep your roof clean and prevent any debris from gathering on it that might prevent water from draining into the gutters. You should also address the gutters to ensure that they are clear to take water away from the roof. If water cannot drain, it seeps into the roof and causes leaks.

Roof Age


Your roof’s age is a huge factor in determining what causes damage. Roofs face all sorts of harsh weather conditions that cause them to wear out. Most roofs last around 20 years, after which they start developing problems.

Insurance companies offer limited or no coverage on roofs older than 15 years. Unless your roof is made up of sturdy material like metal, you can expect high repair costs and roof damage around the 20-year mark.

During storms, older roofs are more likely to develop leaks or even collapse in extreme cases, so ensure that you replace your roof on time. Proper maintenance can make your roof last longer than its lifespan expectancy. Like all things in life, though, it will still have a greater probability of developing problems the older it gets. Roofs are mortal just like us. 

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Can I Avoid Roof Damage?


With proper maintenance and care, you certainly can avoid roof damage! It’s important to remember that some events are simply out of your control. If a huge storm hits or a tree limb falls on your home, don’t beat yourself up if your roof gets damaged. Mother Nature spares no one!

Remember to call a professional roofing contractor to come out and inspect the damages as soon as possible. As long as you keep up with a proper bi-yearly maintenance schedule, pay attention to any changes, and don’t conduct any risky DIY projects, your roof will last you years to come!

If you want to get in touch with an expert, RoofCrafters is here to help! Head over to our contact page and drop us a line. One of our dedicated representatives will get back to you as soon as possible.

If you're not quite ready to schedule an inspection just yet and would like to know more, feel free to browse through the extensive resources located in our learning center. I recommend reading, "How Do Storm Damage Insurance Claims Work?" so that you can be better educated about the claims process if your roof does happen to endure storm damage.
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Joe Martinez

At RoofCrafters, our mission is to provide job opportunities for others to thrive and grow while making a meaningful impact within our communities.