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The Ultimate 2024 Guide to Roof Types, Replacement, and Costs

July , 2024 | 19 min. read

By Macie LaCau

home with asphalt shingle roof

Finding a new roof can be an exciting experience for any homeowner, but there are many options to choose from, aren't there? The last thing you want is to be in the dark about potential opportunities that could make your house feel like home. Picking out that perfect roof is the cherry on top of your home improvement experience. 

Here at RoofCrafters, we've installed roofs in the Southeast for thirty years. In our almost three decades of service, we've provided homeowners like you with vital information to help you make a final choice regarding roof installation. 

This article is a comprehensive guide to every roof type, material, and structure, along with their costs, that you'll find in Georgia, South Carolina, and Florida in 2024. By the time you're finished reading, you'll know what to expect from each roof selection, helping make the process easier for you. We'll start by reviewing each roof type to give you an idea of your choices. 

Roof Types by Material: An Overview

 

Each type of roofing material offers a specific aesthetic look and function. While some homeowners may prefer something along the lines of a ranch-style home, others might search the market for something more contemporary! The best roof types can be put into groups based on the materials, shapes and styles, and structural design. 

Roof Materials 

  • Asphalt
  • Metal 
  • Clay 
  • Concrete
  • Wood 
  • Slate
  • Single-Ply
  • Synthetic (wood, slate & tile)

Roof Styles

  • Shingles
  • Shakes
  • Standing-Seam 
  • Screw-Down 
  • Tiles 
  • Flat

Roof Structures 

  • Gambrel
  • Flat
  • Gable 
  • Mansard
  • Hip

The type of roof you have installed makes all the difference in how it protects your home, what the final look will be, and how long it will last. By understanding the different roof types and what you can expect from each of them before and after installation, you can make a better-informed decision.

cartoon drawing of a home showing factors that go into cost of a roof

Though some homeowners care more about curb appeal, others prefer a roof that'll hold firm for a lifetime. Your personal preference will influence your final decision.

Metal Roofing: Pros, Cons, and Costs

 

Over the past 20 years, metal roofing has become one of the most sought-after roof types in the industry. Metal roofing was popular in the early 1900s and then re-emerged later on. You won't find many houses with metal roofs in your average neighborhood, though. Why is this?

Well, the upfront costs of metal play a considerable part. 

stucco contemporary home with a burgundy standing seam metal roof

However, the benefits of metal roofs far outweigh most other roofing options. As long as you can get past the upfront cost of metal, which we will be discussing down further below. But first let's cover clay and concrete.

Clay or Concrete Roofing: Durability and Aesthetics

 

If you've ever seen a Spanish villa-style home, the first thing you likely noticed was the clay roofing. Clay roof tiles have a signature aesthetic that is thicker than most other roofing options. Because of this, they are durable and easy to maintain.

large custom home with a beautiful Spanish tile roof

Clay roof benefits include withstanding extreme heat and aesthetic appeal. Concrete roof tiles protect from extreme wind conditions and cost slightly less than clay tiles., which we will cover below.

Slate Roofing: Luxury and Longevity

 

Slate roofing is one of the high-end roofing options. It's also one of the heaviest and most expensive roof types, but it is a superb option. It's made of carefully broken stones hung in place on the roof so that all the nail holes are covered. Slate is known for being incredibly beautiful and durable.

multi-color slate roofing on large custom estate home

The benefit is the longevity and architectural beauty. Slate roofing installation requires craft, which makes the labor more than other roofing materials.

Wood Roofing: A Rustic Choice 

 

Wood roofing is an excellent choice for homeowners looking for a rustic, cozy, traditional selection for their homes. They come in two styles – machine-cut wood shingles or hand-split wood shakes. They mostly come from 200 to 300-year-old conifer trees.

beautify=ul home with shake roof

While traditional wood roofing can be energy-efficient and offer a unique curb appeal option, they have declined in popularity over the years due to fire hazards. Wood roofing is excellent in certain regions of the country. They provide benefits that other materials can't such as a natural rustic look. 

Asphalt Roofing: A Popular and Affordable Choice

 

Asphalt shingles come in numerous styles and colors and can be a wonderful addition to many homes. These shingles consist of a base mat on the bottom, a layer of waterproof asphalt, and ceramic granules to top it off. The granules provide these shingles with many different color options that you can choose from to fit the look you want for your home.

Up close of premium asphalt shingles on a steep hip roof

The cost of asphalt shingles, along with all the styles are the key benefits that make them the most popular roofing material in the United States. 

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Roof Styles: Shingles, Standing Seam, Screw-Down, and Tiles

 

Every material presents different roof styles and colors to choose from. Every style has a specific flair you can pick or customize to suit your roof, home, and personal curb appeal preferences. 

4 types of roofing materials

Let's cover the most common roofing materials and the different roof styles that each offer along with the average cost of those materials installed on an average size home. 

4 Types of Shingles 

 

up close image of a 3-tab shingle

Three-Tab Shingles: Three-tab shingles are the most basic form of shingles, and they get their name from how they are shaped and installed. They are made of a single layer of asphalt that's cut into strips. They are also the lightest shingle type, making them much more affordable than architectural and designer shingles.

3-tab roofing on a brick homeThe average cost for three-tab shingles on a 2,000-square-foot home is about $7,300-$10,600.

 

architectural asphalt shingle up close

Architectural Shingles: Also known as laminate or dimensional shingles, this is the most popular type of asphalt shingle roof. During the manufacturing process, the base mats are given two or more layers to create a multi-dimensional appearance on your roof. Because of these extra layers and weight added, architectural shingles are exceptionally durable. 

Nice split-level blue home with a light color architectural shingleOn a 2,000-square-foot home, the regular grade costs are in the average range of $11,200-$17,100.

 

 

Upgraded Premium GAF Timberline UHDZ shingle

Upgraded Architectural Shingles: Side by side with its comparable alternate, the 'basic' architectural shingle, there isn't any comparison. This shingle is much heavier and thicker, creating more definition and giving your roof more "wow" and curb appeal. 

two-story home with a new GAF Timberline UHDZ shingle in Pewter grayOn a 2,000-square-foot home, the regular grade costs are in the average range of $13,300-$19,800.

 

 

GAF Woodlawn Designer shingle

Designer Shingles: Last but not least is designer shingle roofs. Designer shingles are also considered luxury shingles. They're the highest quality of asphalt shingles types on the market. They're also the heaviest and provide one-of-a-kind curb appeal.

GAF Woodlawn designer shingle roof on custom brick homeDesigner shingles on a 2,000-square-foot home cost in the average range of $22,500-$26,000.

 

 

Standing Seam Metal Roofing

 

Custome copper roof

Copper: Copper is one of the lifetime metal roof options. Being one of the rarest types of metal used for roofing, combined with its non-corrosive or rust-free qualities, makes copper one of the most expensive metal materials used. On average, copper tiles can cost between $35,700-$67,500 for a 1,700-square-foot roof.

 

up close photo of a red standing seam roof with a chimney and 2 sun-tunnel skylights

 

Steel: Steel roofing is the most popular material for metal roofing products. Steel metal is galvanized steel hot dipped in a zinc coating. Steel is more affordable and can be as effective and efficient as the other available types of metal roofing. The average price for steel standing metal roofing is between $10.50 -$19.00 per square foot. Which is, $36,750-$68250 on an average size home.

 

Lead roofing

Lead: Lead roofing is another one of the most sought-after materials used on unique and rare roofing projects. Most lead roofs have a copper or zinc base with a lead-coated finish, which helps reduce the overall weight without losing its insulating features. The average cost for a lead metal roof is between $9,350-$31,500.

 

house on a lake with a standing seam metal roof

Zinc: Zinc metal roofing is most commonly used in standing seam metal roof installations. It is popular in the European market but has become a prevalent roofing system in the United States over the years. Rheinzink, based in Germany, is the World's leading producer of zinc roofing materials. The average cost of zinc roof panels is between $30,400-$47,600.

old terne metal standing seam roof

Terne: Terne metal is an old English term for tin. A tin roof has a steel base or core coated with tin alloy. This roof is less popular than the previously mentioned metal because it will require maintenance. Once the tin alloy coating wears off, it will need another layer to protect the steel from harsh weather elements, or it will rust. The average cost for terne metal roofing is $5,950–$23,800. 

 

drone shot standing seam aluminum metal

Aluminum: Aluminum is one of the most natural energy-efficient metal roof materials available, and it is reflective, fire-resistant, and non-corrosive. If you live on or near the ocean or saltwater, this is an excellent choice of metal roofing because it won't rust. The average price for aluminum metal roofing is between $13.50-$19.50 per square foot.

 

standing seam galvalume metal roof with valleys

Galvalume: Galvalume metal is also a metal that has a steel core and is coated with aluminum to prevent corrosion. Galvalume is much like steel roofing and comes in the same thicknesses- 24 gauge, 26 gauge, or 29 gauge. It is also available in all 4 of the different panel profiles. The 24 gauge is the most popular for residential installations, however. The average price for galvalume metal roofing is between $9.00-$18.00 per square foot.

Screw-Down Metal Options

 

brick home with red multi-rib metal roofing

 

Multi-Rib: The Multi-Rib panel can be installed in various commercial and residential establishments. The panels are multi-use for residential and agricultural.  Yes, they were originally designed for barns and farm structures. Unlike the standing seam metal, they're installed with exposed fastenersThe average cost of a multi-rib screw-down roof is $16,500 - $31,700.

 

5V crimp  metal roof showing exposed screws

5-V Metal: 5-V Crimp offers durability you can depend on in any climate. These high-quality, low-maintenance metal panels are the preferred choice for cost-conscious homeowners. These panels are often used in residential buildings due to their sleek aesthetic appeal and long-wearing performance. The cost of screw-down metal roofing is between $18,000 for a simple home and $35,500 for a more complex one.

Tile Roofing

 

Ludowici Flat clay tiles-2

Flat: Flat tiles are made from concrete – a mix of water, cement, and sand – molded under high pressure and heat. Flat tiles are also very resistant to fire, wind, and hail, making them a good choice as a safe material on your roof if installed correctly. On average, a flat tile roof can cost between $28,500-$41,000. 

 

 

Upper hip roof and a small lean-to with Spanish clay tiles

Spanish Style: Spanish tile roofing is a highly sustainable material made of terracotta or clay. Because of its regenerating material, it typically lasts longer than alternative roofing selections. The tiles are made into a rounded "S" shape to lock in with one another. The average cost for Spanish roofing tile installation is $33,700-$69,800.

 

 

Flat Roof Options: TPO and ModBit

 

TPO roof being installed on a residential flat roof

TPO: TPO is an acronym for thermoplastic polyolefin and is a single-ply membrane used mainly in commercial roofing; however, there are times when residential homes will take advantage of it, too. Most TPO roofs cost between $6,700-$21,000 on average.

 

mod-bit flat roof over a porch

 

ModBit: Modified Bitumen, or Modbit, is a primarily commercial roofing material used for nearly 50 years. It's made up of a membrane that consists of several layers of bitumen (asphalt), fiberglass, and rubber-based polymeric binders. These layers are then fused to create the final product- a single-ply system that's easy to install and durable against natural forces. ModBit roof installation costs $4,700-$8,500 per 1,000-square-foot home on average.

 

Understanding Roof Structures: Gambrel, Flat, Gable, Mansard, and Hip

 

Think of your roof's structure as the frame that outlines the roofing system. The structure combines several materials that make up an intricate, functional system. The structure gives your roof an architectural design.

Gambrel Roof

noita-digital-ltCK3AaFCb8-unsplash

Gambrel roofs are barn-style roofs with steep slopes on two sides and an upper slope on top. The shape allows for a storage unit or attic on top and gives homes a rustic and traditional look.

Flat Roof

 

Flat-Roof-Porch-Home

As the name suggests, flat roofs have a flat design that can be used as a deck or patio. However, they are not entirely flat and have a slight slope to help with water drainage. They also need to be adequately waterproofed to avoid leaks or mildew.

Gable Roof

 

Split-level home with the new GAF Timberline UHDZ shingle in Shakewood color

Gable roofs are the most commonly sought-after roof structure, and it has two slopes with a ridge at the top, forming a triangle-framed roof. Gable roofs can be customized by altering the steepness of the slopes.

 

Mansard Roofs

 

Boom truck hoisting roofing materials to a 4 story roof

Mansard roofs have slopes on all four sides that flow down from a low pitch-ceiling top. The silhouettes of the Mansard roof can have varied shapes like flat, curved, angled, sloped, or a combination. The architectural design of the roof will give your home a timeless, old-French aesthetic.

Hip

Drone shot of a GAF HDZ shingle on a hip roof

Hip roofs have equal-sized slopes on all four sides of the roof with a ridge at the top. This roofing option comes in second for popularity, particularly in snowy and rainy areas of the country, as the slopes can easily allow snow and rain to fall off the roof.

Image call to action, read the homeowners guide to roof replacement

Essential Roof Maintenance Tips for Longevity

 

Regardless of the material you ultimately choose, regular roof maintenance is important to prolong the life of your investment. Here are some essential tips:

  1. Regular Inspections: Schedule bi-annual inspections to catch any potential issues early.

  2. Clean Gutters: Keep your gutters clean to prevent water damage and ensure proper drainage.

  3. Remove Debris: Clear leaves, branches, and other debris from your roof to stop damage.

  4. Check Flashing: Ensure the flashing around vents, chimneys, and skylights is intact and sealed properly.

  5. Trim Overhanging Branches: Cut back any tree branches that could damage your roof during storms or high winds.

Conclusion: Finding the Best Roofing Option for Your Home

 

Even though absorbing all the roofing options at your disposal can be overwhelming, rest assured that you'll find an option suitable for you. If you're ready to talk to an expert, RoofCrafters is more than happy to assist you. Feel free also to check out our comprehensive roofer checklist to help you determine the best contractor for your project. 

image call to action, download the top 10 checklist

At RoofCrafters, we want you to know that there are dedicated professionals who can help make your roofing project a breath of fresh air! If you want to get in touch with one of our friendly representatives, make your way over to our contact page.

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Macie LaCau

I'm a native Georgian who spends my days nurturing my passions and embracing the quiet life. With a penchant for taking the road less traveled, I love discovering new ideas, rooting for the underdog, and taking the long way home. I enjoy spending time with family and friends, animals, and making memories.