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Going Green and Saving Big

The Energy Efficient Roofing Guide

In today's world, being mindful of the environment (and our wallets) is more important than ever. That's where energy efficiency comes in!  It’s not just about saving money; it’s about saving the planet, too, and when it comes to energy efficiency at home, one major area to focus on is your roof. Your roof has more power than just keeping the rain out; It also acts as a prime opportunity to reduce energy usage and lower those utility bills.

2 story house with GAF solar energy shingles

Interested? Good, that's where this guide comes in handy! We're here to break down the ins and outs of energy-efficient residential roofing, giving you all the tips and tricks you need to make your roof work smarter, not harder.


Before we get into the nitty-gritty of roofing materials and techniques, let's get back to basics.

Energy-efficient roofs are all about keeping the heat inside during winter and outside during summer. It's a game-changer for not only your comfort but your bank account, too. Factors like where you live, what your roof is made of, and even local rules and regulations all play a part in making your roof more efficient.

An image of different types of roofing materials such as asphalt shingles, metal roofs, tile roofs, and wooden shinglesshakes

Now, let's talk materials. From cool roofs that reflect sunlight to metal roofs that are tough as nails and recyclable, there's something for everyone. Don't forget about green roofs with their natural insulation or solar roofs that generate clean energy, too. It's not solely just about what's on your roof; it's also about how it's installed and maintained.

So, whether you're a green-minded homeowner looking to reduce your carbon footprint or just someone who wants to save a few bucks on their energy bills, this guide has got you covered. Get ready to go green and save big!

White house with wrap around porch and black metal roofing

Take the Guide Home with You

A roofing project is a significant undertaking, and that's why RoofCrafters has developed an extensive guide to help you understand the process and address your questions. Access the Energy Efficiency Roofing Guide to have all the answers at your fingertips! Simply complete the form to download the guide.

Chapter 1

Introduction to Energy-Efficient Residential Roofing

Energy-efficient roofing holds significant importance in today's world for several reasons. First and foremost, it directly impacts the energy consumption of our homes, playing a pretty crucial role in reducing utility costs. By effectively insulating our homes and minimizing heat transfer, energy-efficient roofs help maintain comfortable indoor temperatures year-round, reducing the need for heating and cooling

This not only results in lower energy bills for homeowners alike but also contributes to a more sustainable environment by decreasing overall energy usage and carbon emissions. Energy-efficient roofing even enhances the durability and lifespan of roofs, reducing the frequency of repairs and replacements. This not only saves homeowners like you money in the long run but also reduces waste and environmental impact associated with roofing materials.

That's not all

Energy-efficient roofing can increase the overall value of a property, too! With growing awareness and demand for sustainable living, homes with energy-efficient features, including roofs, are often more attractive to buyers and can command higher resale prices. So, if you don’t like to stay in one place too long, energy-efficient roofing is worth the investment, and sure to put cash back in your pocket.

Beyond its financial benefits, though, energy-efficient roofing also contributes to greater comfort and well-being for you and your family by providing more consistent indoor temperatures and improved indoor air quality. Overall, investing in energy-efficient roofing is a win-win proposition, offering financial savings, environmental benefits, and enhanced comfort for you and your loved ones!

standing metal roof on a sea foam color Florida home
Chapter 2

Understanding Energy Efficiency in Roofing

So, what exactly is the definition of energy efficiency in roofing?

I’m glad you asked! Energy efficiency in roofing refers to the ability of a roof to minimize heat transfer between the interior and exterior of a home, reducing the need for heating and cooling and lowering energy consumption. An energy-efficient roof effectively insulates the home, preventing heat from escaping during colder months and minimizing heat gain during hotter months.

This helps maintain consistent indoor temperatures and reduces the workload on heating, ventilation, and air conditioning systems, leading to lower energy bills and a smaller environmental footprint.

Energy-efficient roofing is all about using strategies and technology to make your roof smarter when it comes to handling heat. Think of it as giving your roof a bit of an upgrade: better insulation, shinier materials that reflect the sun, a design that makes sense, and maybe even throwing some solar panels into the mix.

It’s not just about making your home cozier and slashing those energy bills (though, that does sweeten the deal); it’s also about giving the planet a bit of a break. By getting into energy-efficient roofing, you’re stepping up to make your home more chill, your energy use smarter, and the earth a happier place.

2-story brick home with pewter gray LandMark pro shingles and a copper roof over the front porch

The Benefits of Energy-Efficient Roofing

Energy-efficient roofing offers numerous benefits for homeowners, the environment, and society as a whole. Let’s take a look at the 5 most common examples!


Cost Savings

One of the most significant benefits of energy-efficient roofing is reduced energy bills. By minimizing heat loss and heat gain, energy-efficient roofs help lower heating and cooling costs, resulting in substantial savings over time. These savings can offset the initial investment in energy-efficient roofing materials and installation, and start paying for themselves in the future.


Environmental Impact

Energy-efficient roofing plays a vital role in reducing overall energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions. By decreasing the demand for heating and cooling, energy-efficient roofs help mitigate climate change and contribute to a more sustainable environment. Additionally, certain energy-efficient roofing materials are made from recycled or sustainable materials, further reducing their environmental footprint.


Improved Comfort

Energy-efficient roofs help maintain more consistent indoor temperatures throughout the year, creating a more comfortable living environment for you and your loved ones. By minimizing temperature fluctuations and drafts, energy-efficient roofing enhances indoor comfort and well-being, particularly in regions with extreme weather conditions. Hello, Florida!


Increased Property Value

As we discussed earlier, homes with energy-efficient roofs often command higher resale prices and are more attractive to potential buyers. Energy-efficient roofing can enhance the curb appeal and marketability of a home, providing a competitive edge in the real estate market.


Longevity & Durability

Energy-efficient roofing materials are often designed to be durable and long-lasting, requiring less frequent repairs and replacements compared to conventional roofing materials. This can result in cost savings over the lifespan of the roof and reduce waste associated with roofing maintenance and disposal.

What Factors Influence Energy-Efficient Roofing?

Several factors influence the energy efficiency of a roof, however, the 4 most common include:

1. Climate

2. Roofing Materials

3. Roof Design

4. Regulations and Standards

By considering these factors and implementing appropriate energy-efficient roofing solutions, you can maximize the energy efficiency, durability, and sustainability of your roof while enjoying the numerous benefits they offer!



Climate plays a significant role in determining the energy efficiency requirements of a roof. Homes in colder climates may prioritize insulation to minimize heat loss, while homes in warmer climates may focus on reflective materials to reduce heat gain.


Roofing Materials

The type of roofing material used can have a substantial impact on the energy efficiency of a roof. Reflective materials such as light-colored coatings, metal, or tile roofs can help reduce heat absorption and lower cooling costs in warm climates. On the flip side, insulating materials such as foam boards or spray foam can enhance thermal performance and reduce heating costs in cold climates.


Roof Design

The design and configuration of the roof, including its slope, orientation, and ventilation, can influence energy efficiency. Proper roof design can optimize solar exposure, airflow, and insulation, maximizing energy performance and minimizing energy consumption.


Regulations & Standards

Local building codes, regulations, and energy efficiency standards may impose requirements or incentives for energy-efficient roofing. Compliance with these regulations ensures that roofs meet minimum energy performance requirements and may qualify homeowners for incentives, rebates, or tax credits.

Chapter 3

Popular Energy-Efficient Roofing Materials

After reading about all of these amazing benefits energy-efficient roofing has to offer, I can only imagine how eager you are to explore the three most popular energy-efficient roofing materials. What exactly are they?

  1. Cool Roofs
  2. Metal Roofs
  3. Green Roofs

Each of these materials offers unique benefits and considerations, catering to the different preferences and priorities of homeowners. Let’s work our way through this list!

commercial metal roof on a condo

Cool Roofs

No, they’re not just a really popular roofing material, they’re so much more! Cool roofs are designed to reflect more sunlight and absorb less heat than traditional roofs. They achieve this through the use of reflective materials such as white or light-colored coatings, tiles, or shingles. By reducing heat absorption, cool roofs help keep homes cooler, particularly in hot climates, reducing the need for air conditioning and lowering energy bills.

One of the key advantages of cool roofs is their ability to mitigate the urban heat island effect, where built-up areas experience higher temperatures than surrounding rural areas due to the absorption and retention of heat by buildings and pavement. By reflecting sunlight instead of absorbing it, cool roofs can help reduce these temperatures in urban areas, improving overall comfort and air quality.

asphalt shingle roof brick home-1
Keep these Tips in Mind

*While cool roofs are highly effective in warm climates, they may not provide significant benefits in colder regions where heating costs outweigh cooling costs. Additionally, some cool roofing materials may require specialized installation and maintenance procedures to ensure optimal performance and longevity.*

Metal Roofs

Ah, yes, the tried and true metal roof! Metal roofs are renowned for their durability, longevity, and, drum roll please, energy efficiency. Typically made from steel, aluminum, or copper, metal roofs offer excellent resistance to fire, wind, and pests, making them a popular choice for homeowners seeking long-term reliability.

One of the primary advantages of metal roofs is their high solar reflectance and thermal emittance, which contribute to their energy-efficient properties. Metal roofs reflect a significant portion of the sun's rays, reducing heat absorption and keeping homes cooler.

house on a lake with a standing seam metal roof

Additionally, metal roofs can be coated with reflective finishes to further enhance their energy performance. Metal roofs are also highly recyclable, with many containing a significant proportion of recycled materials. At the end of their lifespan, metal roofs can be recycled into new products, minimizing waste and environmental impact. How neat!

Despite their numerous benefits, metal roofs may have higher upfront costs compared to other roofing materials. However, their long lifespan and low maintenance requirements often result in cost savings over time, making them a worthwhile investment for homeowners seeking durable and energy-efficient roofing solutions.

Green Roofs

Green roofs, also known as living roofs, are characterized by their vegetation-covered surfaces, which provide a range of environmental, aesthetic, and energy-efficient benefits. Green roofs consist of several layers, including a waterproofing membrane, drainage system, growing medium, and vegetation.

One of the primary advantages of green roofs is their ability to provide natural insulation, reducing heat transfer through the roof and improving energy efficiency. The vegetation and growing medium act as an additional layer of insulation, helping to keep homes cooler in summer and warmer in winter. This reduces the need for heating and cooling, resulting in lower energy bills and reduced environmental impact.

green roof plants-1

Green roofs also offer other environmental benefits, such as reducing stormwater runoff, improving air quality, and providing habitat for wildlife. Additionally, they can enhance the aesthetic appeal of buildings, create green spaces in urban environments, and contribute to a sense of well-being for occupants.

However, green roofs require very careful planning, design, and maintenance to ensure their long-term viability and performance. Factors such as structural integrity, waterproofing, plant selection, and maintenance requirements must be considered to maximize the benefits of green roofs while minimizing potential challenges.

Chapter 4

Advanced Energy-Efficient Roofing Options

Solar Roofing

While we’re at it, let’s discuss the factors to consider when choosing from any of these wonderful roofing materials we’ve gone over so far, and how they offer innovative solutions for homeowners like you looking to maximize energy efficiency and sustainability in your home.

rack mounted solar panels on an asphalt roof

Solar Roofs

Solar roofs integrate, you guessed it, solar panels directly into the roof structure to harness sunlight and generate electricity. These systems consist of solar panels made up of photovoltaic (PV) cells that convert sunlight into electricity, which can be used to power appliances, lighting, and other electrical devices in the home. That's not all! Excess electricity generated by the solar panels can be stored in batteries or fed back into the grid for credit.

small solar tiles on home integrated into the roof

One of the primary advantages of solar roofs is their ability to generate clean, renewable energy while reducing reliance on traditional fossil fuels. By harnessing the power of the sun, solar roofs help homeowners lower their electricity bills, reduce their carbon footprint, and contribute to a more sustainable energy future.

While solar roofs typically have higher upfront costs compared to conventional roofing materials, the long-term savings and environmental benefits they provide often outweigh the initial investment. When considering solar roofs, homeowners should assess factors such as roof orientation, shading, available sunlight, and local regulations to determine the feasibility and potential performance of solar panels.

Factors to Consider When Choosing Energy-Efficient Roofing Materials

I know I’ve painted a pretty picture so far, but let's get real: choosing the right roofing materials for energy efficiency isn't just about picking the prettiest option. To really nail this and make sure your roof is both high-performing and long-lasting, there are four key factors we need to dive into. Let's break them down:



Choose roofing materials with high solar reflectance to minimize heat absorption and reduce cooling costs. Light-colored or reflective coatings can help maintain lower roof temperatures and improve energy efficiency.



Select roofing materials with good insulation properties to minimize heat transfer and maintain consistent indoor temperatures. Proper insulation can reduce heating and cooling costs and improve overall comfort and energy efficiency.



Opt for roofing materials that are durable, weather-resistant, and long-lasting to minimize maintenance and replacement costs over time. High-quality materials such as metal, tile, or concrete can provide excellent durability and energy efficiency.


Environmental Impact

Consider the environmental impact of roofing materials, including their production, transportation, and disposal. Choose materials that are recyclable, made from sustainable sources, or have low embodied energy to minimize environmental footprint.

Chapter 5

Installation and Maintenance Best Practices

Pre-installation Considerations

Effective installation and maintenance are critical to maximizing the energy efficiency and longevity of your roof! Let’s explore the best practices for installing and maintaining energy-efficient roofs, covering pre-installation considerations, installation techniques for energy efficiency, and maintenance tips to ensure optimal performance over time.


Roof Inspection

Hire a roofing professional to conduct a thorough inspection of the existing roof and assess its condition to identify any structural issues, leaks, or damage that may need to be addressed before a new installation. Repairing or reinforcing the roof structure as needed will help ensure a solid foundation for the new roofing materials.


Proper Insulation

Ensure adequate insulation is installed in the attic or roof cavity to minimize heat transfer and improve energy efficiency. Proper insulation helps maintain consistent indoor temperatures and reduces the workload on heating and cooling systems, resulting in lower energy bills and enhanced comfort.


Hire Qualified Contractors

Selecting a reputable and experienced roofing contractor is essential for ensuring quality installation and optimal performance of energy-efficient roofing materials. Look for contractors with expertise in installing energy-efficient roofs and check references and certifications to verify their credentials.

Installation Techniques for Energy Efficiency

During the installation process, your roofer will utilize several techniques to maximize the energy efficiency of your new roof:


Selecting Energy Efficient Materials

First and foremost, chat with your roofer and choose materials with high solar reflectance and thermal emittance to minimize heat absorption and reduce cooling costs. Opt for reflective coatings, cool roofs, or insulated roofing materials that help maintain lower roof temperatures and improve overall energy performance.


Proper Ventilation

Your roofer will ensure adequate roof ventilation to facilitate airflow and prevent moisture buildup in the attic or roof cavity. Proper ventilation helps regulate indoor temperatures, reduce the risk of mold and mildew growth, and prolong the lifespan of roofing materials.


Sealing & Insulating

They’ll seal gaps, cracks, and joints in the roof structure to prevent air leakage and improve insulation. Use weather-stripping, sealants, and insulation materials to create a tight thermal envelope and minimize heat loss or gain through the roof.

Maintenance Tips for Energy-Efficient Roofs

Regular maintenance is essential for preserving the longevity of any roof, but especially those with energy-efficient properties. Here are some maintenance tips to help keep your energy-efficient roofs in top condition:


Regular Inspections

Schedule regular inspections of the roof to check for signs of damage, wear, or deterioration. Look for missing or damaged shingles, cracks in seals or flashing, and areas of water infiltration.

Cleaning & Debris Removal

Keep the roof clean and free of debris, such as leaves, branches, and dirt, that can accumulate and block drainage systems or cause damage to roofing materials.

Prompt Repairs

Address any issues or damage promptly to prevent further deterioration and maintain the integrity of the roof. Repair leaks, replace damaged shingles or flashing, and seal gaps or cracks to prevent air leakage and water infiltration.
Chapter 6

Financing & Incentives

You’ve almost made it to the finish line! Before I let you off the hook, let’s explore the various financing options and government incentives available to you. Stick with me for one last chapter so we can cover how you can leverage these resources and maximize the benefits of energy-efficient roofing!

Government Incentives and Rebates

Many local governments offer incentives and rebates to encourage homeowners to invest in energy-efficient upgrades, including roofing. These incentives may take the form of tax credits, rebates, grants, or low-interest loans, depending on the region and available programs.

Tax credits are one of the most common forms of government incentives for energy-efficient roofing. Homeowners may be eligible for federal or state tax credits for installing qualifying energy-efficient roofing materials, such as cool roofs or solar panels. These tax credits can help offset the upfront costs of roofing upgrades and provide significant savings over time. Yippee!

In addition to tax credits, some governments offer cash rebates or incentives through utility companies or energy efficiency programs. These rebates may be based on the type of roofing material installed, the level of energy efficiency achieved, or other criteria specified by the program. By taking advantage of these incentives, you can reduce the out-of-pocket expenses associated with energy-efficient roofing projects and accelerate the return on investment.


Energy-Efficient Financing Options

In addition to government incentives, homeowners have access to a variety of financing options to fund energy-efficient roofing projects. Energy-efficient financing options are designed to help homeowners overcome the upfront costs of energy-efficient upgrades and repay the investment over time through savings on energy bills.

One common financing option is a home equity loan or line of credit, which allows homeowners to borrow against the equity in their homes to fund roofing projects. These loans typically offer competitive interest rates and flexible repayment terms, making them a rather attractive option for homeowners looking to finance energy-efficient upgrades.

Another financing option is Property Assessed Clean Energy (PACE) financing, which allows homeowners to finance energy-efficient improvements through a special assessment of their property taxes. PACE financing is repaid over time through an additional line item on the homeowner's property tax bill and may be transferable to future homeowners.

Chapter 7

Embracing Energy-Efficient Roofing in Your Home

Whew, you made it! In the journey through this guide, we've explored the vast landscape of energy-efficient roofing, uncovering the many benefits, considerations, and opportunities available to homeowners like you seeking to enhance the sustainability, comfort, and value of their homes. From understanding the fundamentals of energy efficiency in roofing to exploring advanced materials, installation techniques, financing options, and future trends, we've delved into every aspect of this transformative endeavor.

Look, energy-efficient roofing isn't just about saving money on energy bills; it's about embracing a sustainable lifestyle and contributing to a healthier planet. By choosing energy-efficient roofing materials and techniques, homeowners can reduce their environmental footprint, mitigate climate change, and create more comfortable living spaces for themselves and even their families for future generations. 

As we look to the future, it's clear that energy-efficient roofing will continue to play a crucial role in building a sustainable, resilient, and energy-independent world. Technological innovations, changes in building codes and regulations, and shifting consumer preferences are driving the evolution of energy-efficient roofing solutions, paving the way for more efficient, durable, and environmentally friendly roofs.

All in all, energy-efficient roofing isn't just a trend; it's a fundamental shift towards a more sustainable and prosperous future. By embracing the principles and practices outlined in this guide, you can transform your roof into assets that enhance both sustainability and financial well-being, contributing to a brighter tomorrow for yourself, your family, and those all around you. 


Take the Guide Home with You

Congratulations on making it through the Energy Efficiency Roofing Guide! As you know by now, a roofing project is a significant undertaking, and that's why RoofCrafters has developed this comprehensive guide to help you understand each step of the process and address all of your questions.

Have all the answers at your fingertips by accessing the Energy Efficiency Roofing Guide! Simply complete the form to download the guide before your inspection takes place.