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Roofing Materials

How to Choose the Right Roofing Material for Your Climate

April , 2024 | 7 min. read

By Cassie Findley

Selecting the perfect roofing material for your home is not just about aesthetics; it's also about understanding and adapting to the unique demands of your climate. Just as you dress appropriately for different weather conditions, your roof should be equipped to withstand the elements it faces day in and day out. If you wouldn’t be comfortable wearing flip-flops in the snow, think about how your roof feels!

At RoofCrafters, we know that whether you reside in the scorching heat of a desert, the relentless downpours of a tropical paradise, or the frigid winters of a northern landscape, the roofing material you choose plays a pivotal role in ensuring the comfort, safety, and longevity of your home.

At the end of the day, your roof doesn’t have the ability to accessorize with scarves and hats when it’s cold or remove layers when Mother Nature turns up the heat, so getting it right the first time can save you a world of trouble (and money) down the line. That being said, let’s brush up on how to choose the right roofing material for your climate! Let’s get started, shall we?

Why Does Climate Consideration Matter When Choosing Roofing Materials?



Alright, so imagine you're picking out a new outfit for the day. You wouldn't wear a thick winter coat in the middle of summer, right? Well, choosing roofing materials is kinda like that, but for your home. Different roofing materials react differently to the weather. For example, some materials might soak up heat like a sponge, making your home feel like an oven in the summer. Others might not be so good at keeping rain out, which can lead to leaks and water damage inside your home.

Climate consideration is super important when choosing a new roof. If you live in a hot climate like me (shout out Florida!), you'd want a roof that can keep your home cool. If it rains a lot where you are, you'd want something that's really good at keeping water out. So, when choosing roofing materials, always consider your climate. That way, you can pick something that'll keep you cozy and dry, no matter what Mother Nature throws your way.

How to Choose the Right Roofing Material for Your Climate


home near canal

So you're looking to pick the perfect roofing material for where you live, huh? Well, here's the lowdown on how to do just that! First off, think about your climate. Is it hot and sunny most of the time, or do you get a lot of rain and snow? Knowing this will help you figure out what kind of roofing material will work best for you.

If you're in a hot area, like the desert or somewhere tropical, you'll want a roof that can handle the heat without turning your house into a sauna. Materials like metal or clay tiles are great for reflecting sunlight and keeping things cool inside. On the flip side, if you're in a region that gets a ton of rain or snow, like the Pacific Northwest or up in the mountains, you'll need something that's super waterproof. That means looking into options like asphalt shingles or slate, which are really good at keeping water out.

Another thing to consider is durability. Some materials might look nice, but they won't hold up well against strong winds or hail. So, if you're in an area prone to storms, you'll want to choose something tough, like metal or concrete tiles. Oh, and don't forget about maintenance. Some roofs need regular upkeep to stay in good shape, while others are more low-maintenance. So, think about how much time and effort you're willing to put into caring for your roof.

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Alright, so to sum it all up: consider your climate, pick a material that can handle the weather, make sure it's durable enough to withstand storms, and think about how much maintenance you're up for. Easy enough, right? Don’t stress, dear reader. Let’s get into the best roofing materials for different regions and climates. 

What Are My Material Options?


Let's dive into your choices based on climate and find the materials that perform best in each one!

Dry & Hot Climate


Multi-color Ludowici clay tile roof on 2-story home

In dry and hot climates like deserts, you want materials that can handle intense sunlight and heat without absorbing too much of it. Metal roofing is an excellent choice as it reflects sunlight, keeping your home cooler. Clay tiles are also suitable because they have natural thermal resistance and can withstand high temperatures without deteriorating.

Wet & Hot Climate


5v screw-down metal roof on a Lowcountry style home

In wet and hot climates like tropical regions, where heavy rainfall and humidity are common, you'll want roofing materials that are highly resistant to water and moisture. Metal roofing, particularly coated steel or aluminum, is a good choice as it doesn't corrode easily. Additionally, concrete tiles are durable and can withstand both heat and moisture well.

Dry & Cool Climate


White home with weather wood GAf Royal Sovereign 3-tab shingles

In dry and cold climates such as mountainous regions, you need roofing materials that can handle extreme temperature fluctuations and potential snow loads. Asphalt shingles are a popular choice as they provide good insulation and are relatively affordable. Metal roofing, particularly standing seam metal, is also suitable as it sheds snow easily and is durable in cold temperatures.

Wet & Cool Climate


beautiful brick home with Ecostar synthetic slate roof and copper bay window

In wet and cold climates like those found in northern regions, where heavy snowfall and rainfall are common, you need materials that are highly waterproof and can withstand freezing temperatures. Slate roofing is an excellent option as it is highly durable, waterproof, and can withstand frost and snow. Metal roofing, especially when properly installed with adequate insulation, is also suitable for shedding snow and preventing ice dams.

Moderate Climate


home with shingles and metal accent over front porch

In moderate climates with mild temperatures and moderate rainfall, you have more flexibility in choosing roofing materials. Asphalt shingles are a popular and cost-effective choice, offering a wide range of styles and colors. Metal roofing, clay tiles, and concrete tiles are also suitable options, providing durability and aesthetic appeal while offering decent insulation against moderate temperature fluctuations.

Why Your Climate Plays a Role in Choosing The Right Roofing Material


All in all, selecting the right roofing material for your climate is crucial for ensuring the longevity, durability, and energy efficiency of your home's roof. By considering factors such as temperature extremes, precipitation levels, and humidity, you can narrow down your options to materials that can withstand the specific challenges posed by your climate.

In hot and dry climates, opt for materials like metal roofing or clay tiles that reflect sunlight and resist heat absorption. In wet and hot regions, prioritize materials such as coated metal or concrete tiles that can withstand both heavy rainfall and high humidity levels. For dry and cold climates, choose roofing materials like asphalt shingles or standing seam metal that offer good insulation and durability against freezing temperatures and potential snow loads.

In wet and cold climates, prioritize highly waterproof materials like slate roofing or properly installed metal roofing to prevent water infiltration and withstand frost and snow. In any climate, making an informed decision based on the weather and your home's specific needs is of the utmost importance. If you’re still on the fence, fear not! Simply hit the “Schedule an Inspection” button down below, and one of our experts will walk you through the material options best suited for you.

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Cassie Findley

My name is Cassie, and I’m the Content Manager here at RoofCrafters. I was born and raised in Chicago, Illinois, and made my way out to Florida post-college graduation. I’m incredibly passionate about writing and creating valuable content that helps others with the collaboration of my marketing team. When I’m not working, I enjoy shopping (a little too much), spending time at the beach, and reading!